Guglielmo Marconi: Biography and Story the Inventor of Radio

Profile and Biography of Guglielmo Marconi. He is known to the world as the inventor of radio. He was an Italian physicist who received the Nobel prize in 1909 for his discovery.

Marconi played an important role in the development of short wave wireless communications technology. His discovery is one of the important discoveries in human history.

Quick Info

Full Name Guglielmo Marconi
Date of Birth Bologna, Italy, April 25, 1874
Died Rome, Italy, July 20, 1937
Known as Radio Inventor
Profession Electrician, Physicist

Guglielmo Marconi Biography

Guglielmo Marconi was born on April 25, 1874 in Bologna, Italy. He is the son of Giuseppe Marconi (father), Annie Jameson (mother). His father was a rich landowner. Marconi was educated by teachers at the Livorno Technical Institute and the University of Bologna.

Early Life

He received his education as a child from a private teacher. When he was 20 years old, Guglielmo Marconi became interested in the experiments of Heinrich Hertz, the discoverer of the Hertz wave.

From experiments carried out by Heinrich Hertz it is known that there are electric waves that are invisible but move at the speed of sound through the air.

Guglielmo Marconi then became increasingly interested in the results of Heinrich Hertz’s experiments. So the idea emerged from Guglielmo Marconi who said that electromagnetic waves could be used to send signs over long distances.

Without the need to go through wires, it provides many possibilities for the development of communications that cannot be reached, such as telegrams. In this way, news can be sent to ships in the middle of the sea. Stay up-to-date with Deltsapure! Provide accurate and updated news for readers.

Find Radio

A year later, in 1895, Guglielmo Marconi succeeded in making the tools needed to realize his idea. He demonstrated his invention, which became known as ‘Radio’, in England in 1896.

After that, Guglielmo Marconi received a patent for his invention. Soon he then founded a company and mass produced the tools he invented. Guglielmo Marconi’s radio was first marketed in 1898.

In 1899, Guglielmo Marconi’s radio was able to send messages without using a wire across the English Channel.

Realizing that the tool he had invented still had many shortcomings, Guglielmo Marconi continued to perfect his radio communication tool.

In Guglielmo Marconi’s biography, it is known that in 1900, his radio invention succeeded in sending news messages to Newfoundland in Canada from England across the Atlantic Ocean.

Guglielmo Marconi’s invention of Radio was of great service to mankind. It was proven that his radio could report how the S.S. Republic was damaged in a collision and sank to the bottom of the sea in 1909.

Won the Nobel Prize in Physics

In the biography of Guglielmo Marconi, it is known that in 1909, Marconi won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of radio. He shared the Nobel Prize with German physicist Karl F. Braun who is known as the inventor of the cathode ray tube.

But the award was not without controversy. Many claim or doubt the title “Father of Radio” given to Marconi. For example, in early 1895, a Russian physicist named Alexander Popov succeeded in carrying out radio broadcasts between buildings. Meanwhile in India, a man named Jagdish Chandra Bose used radio waves to ring a bell and trigger an explosion.

In 1901, the famous inventor and electrical scientist named Nikola Tesla said that he had developed a wireless telegraph in 1893. In 1943, the American Supreme Court invalidated four radio patents filed by Marconi on the grounds that Nikola Tesla had developed it before Marconi.

Even so, Radio Marconi was very instrumental in saving the lives of hundreds of people. At that time, shipping companies were aware of the use of radio telegraphs for passenger communications, navigation reports, and distress signals.

Many shipping companies used the services of the Marconi Radio Company and made them standard equipment on ships. For example, when the cruise ship Titanic struck an iceberg on April 14, 1912, radio operators were able to call the RMS Carpathia to the scene and save 700 people.

Radio as a Popular Communication Media

And radio broadcasting on a large or commercial scale began to develop and become famous in the 1920s. However, radio quickly grew and became very popular.

Even though there was a lawsuit over the patent rights to his Radio invention in court, this disappeared when the court decided that Marconi was entitled to the patent rights.

He also carried out important research in the field of shortwave and microwave communications. Guglielmo Marconi enjoyed fame as a famous radio inventor.

Radio is a very useful communication tool today. Radio was the opening path to the discovery of television.

Guglielmo Marconi Dies

Over the next two decades, Marconi continued to refine his invention, experimenting with shortwave broadcasts and testing the transmission distance of communications via radio aboard the yacht Elettra.

Marconi returned to Italy and became a supporter of Benito Mussolini. In 1935, before he died, he still managed to travel from Brazil to Europe. And two years later, the inventor of this radio died of a heart attack in Rome, Italy on July 20, 1937.

In his honor, radio stations in America, England and Italy broadcast several minutes of silence. He left behind one of the important discoveries in human history, namely radio.

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